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‣ Desigualdade social e os estudos epidemiológicos: uma reflexão; Social inequality and epidemiological studies: a reflection

Ferreira, Maria Angela Fernandes; Latorre, Maria do Rosario Dias de Oliveira
Fonte: ABRASCO; RIO DE JANEIRO Publicador: ABRASCO; RIO DE JANEIRO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Os indicadores sociais se tornaram imprescindíveis no elenco de variáveis dos estudos epidemiológicos a partir da constatação de que a determinação dos agravos à saúde é complexa e multidimensional. Nessa perspectiva, a desigualdade social vem ocupando destaque como um fator explicativo das condições de saúde das populações. O objetivo é discutir as diferentes concepções que norteiam a seleção dos indicadores utilizados nos estudos epidemiológicos e abordar os efeitos psicossociais nos seres humanos acarretados pela desigualdade social. Foi realizada uma revisão da literatura acerca dos estudos epidemiológicos que utilizaram os indicadores de desigualdade social e capital social para uma melhor compreensão dos problemas de saúde, bem como uma investigação no campo da sociologia e da psicologia social. De acordo com a pesquisa pode-se constatar que há controvérsias sobre o efeito da desigualdade social na saúde humana pelo fato desses indicadores serem baseados, majoritariamente, pela renda e capacidade de consumo dos indivíduos. Da mesma forma, os indicadores de capital social em nível cognitivo e estrutural são muito limitados para compreender o dinamismo das relações sociais. Nesse sentido, são necessários mais estudos para a construção de indicadores sociais que contemplem a complexidade das sociedades modernas.; Social indicators are now indispensable in the list of variables of epidemiological studies...

‣ Modernização industrial, conflitos sociais urbanos e desigualdade: um exame das relações entre greves, preços, salários e desigualdade no Brasil (1955/1990).; Industrial modernization, social conflicts and urban social inequality: an examination of the relationship between strikes, prices, wages and social inequality in Brazil (1955/1990)

Oliveira, Roberson Campos de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/08/2010 Português
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57.43492%
No Brasil, entre 1955 e 1990, a modernização industrial induzida pelo estado, através de variadas estratégias de planejamento, atingiu seu apogeu e decadência. Um dos principais legados desta trajetória de crescimento foi a reiteração de uma estrutura econômica de nítido perfil concentrador da riqueza e da renda. Este exame tem como objetivo analisar a dinâmica das greves urbanas e as suas relações, primeiro, com conjunturas dos ciclos econômicos observados entre 1955 e 1990 e, segundo, com alguns indicadores econômicos relevantes como preços, salários, distribuição da renda e desigualdade. A análise procura verificar se a ação organizada dos trabalhadores urbanos através das greves foi capaz de oferecer resistência efetiva às conjunturas que tendiam à penalizar os salários e incrementar a desigualdade, atenuando, por esta via, os efeitos sociais adversos do modelo concentrador.; In Brazil, between 1955 and 1990, the industrial modernization promoted by the state through various planning strategies achieved its peak and decay. One of the major legacies of this growth path was enforcement of an economic structure with a profile of wealth and income concentration. The objective of this examination is to analyze the dynamics of urban strikes and their relations...

‣ Socializações desiguais : as juventudes nas camadas populares e nos grupos médios; Socialization uneven : youths in different social classes

Camila Chicrala Coelho
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/06/2010 Português
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57.4718%
Esta pesquisa propôs-se a investigar as relações entre a desigualdade social brasileira, o processo de socialização e as práticas juvenis em famílias que ocupam diferentes posições sociais no contexto urbano de uma cidade grande no interior paulista. Para isso, foi realizada uma investigação na rotina diária dos jovens, o que metodologicamente permitiu observar como importantes experiências de socialização vividas por estes em sua rotina sofrem os efeitos da desigualdade social entre seus grupos de pertencimento. O estudo foi realizado através de um mapeamento das principais práticas desenvolvidas pelos jovens na interação com suas famílias, com a escola e com os amigos. As questões norteadoras da pesquisa foram: (i) A que práticas se dedicam jovens de grupos sociais diferentes? (ii) Essas práticas são produzidas em que tipo de relações e em meio a que experiências de socialização?(iii) Como os diferentes modos de socialização e práticas juvenis podem produzir e/ou reproduzir as relações de desigualdade social entre seus grupos? A pesquisa envolveu 14 jovens e seus familiares e procurou analisar as variações tanto individuais como intergrupais das práticas dos jovens, a partir de informações obtidas por meio de 42 entrevistas e de observações realizadas principalmente no âmbito doméstico e do bairro. Os resultados confirmam que variações na posição social das famílias não apenas determinam variações na forma como se dão os processos de socialização dos jovens e como são construídos os seus gostos e as suas práticas de lazer...

‣ Social Inequality and Diversity of Families Working Report (April 2010)

Wall, Karin, 1955-; Leitão, Mafalda; Ramos, Vasco
Fonte: Universidade de Lisboa Publicador: Universidade de Lisboa
Tipo: Relatório
Publicado em /04/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.564%
In this state‐of‐art report we focus on some of the more relevant issues from the perspective of social inequality and families within and across European societies. We begin by addressing the three main topics included in this existential field by the Family Platform Project: migration, poverty, family violence. Additionally, we will look at two key issues which are important in contextualizing and discussing the above‐mentioned topics. First, we will summarize recent trends in social inequality in European societies. Secondly, we will review some of existing research on the relationship between social inequalities and families, by examining the impact of social inequality on family forms and dynamics as well as the transmission and reproduction of inequalities within families. Social inequality shapes family life, but families and their members must also be seen as actors in the system of inequality (transmitting inequalities to subsequent generations, reproducing them within the home and through their networks, and resisting the effects of inequality). Research review in this existential field was carried out separately on each of the abovementioned topics. Migration, poverty and family violence are large and autonomous fields of research which do not have common theoretical and methodological underpinnings or empirical data sets. For this report it was therefore important to grasp the major trends and findings within each research topic before moving on to broader conclusions on research into social inequalities and diversity of families in Europe.

‣ Origens, destinos e trajectórias de classe: uma análise exploratória da mobilidade social em 2 gerações de portugueses

Ramos, Vasco Miguel dos Santos
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Mestrado em Sociologia; Diversos estudos demonstram a manutenção de elevados níveis de desigualdade na sociedade portuguesa, com a situação da família de origem a influenciar fortemente a trajectória social dos indivíduos. Tendo como pano de fundo as significativas alterações que enquadram a modernidade portuguesa, o objectivo central do estudo é analisar a mobilidade social, a partir da investigação comparativa das trajectórias de classe social de portugueses nascidos em diferentes gerações. Parte-se de uma perspectiva teórica sobre as classes sociais, que as entende como um conjunto de agentes que ocupam posições aproximadas, num sistema pluridimensional de desigualdades, e valoriza-se uma perspectiva sobre o percurso de vida que reconhece a importância central dos constrangimentos estruturais, mas não os assume como um determinismo, salientando a necessidade de os analisar longitudinalmente. Usando dados do projecto "Trajectórias familiares e redes sociais: a trajectória de vida numa perspectiva intergeracional" examinam-se comparativamente trajectórias de classe seguindo o percurso de vida. Utiliza-se uma metodologia inovadora que recorre à análise sequencial procurando estabelecer uma relação entre tempo histórico e mobilidade social. Comparam-se trajectórias de classe dos indivíduos em função das suas origens de classe...

‣ Self-help women organizations in Guinea Bissau: analysing economic and social impacts

Afonso, Aline
Fonte: The Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa Publicador: The Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em /06/2015 Português
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The main goal of this text is to enlighten the role of self-help women organizations in Guinea Bissau, emphasizing on the access of women and their families to health care. The economic instability caused by the economic liberalization process contributed to the increase of poverty and the reinforcement of the gender inequality in Guinea Bissau. The liberalization process was conducted in an uncontrolled way, without the State’s development of public policies capable to protect the human resources involved in this process, being the women the most affected. Inequality of opportunities, social inequality and discrimination against women undertake the development of the whole social, due to the women’s weight at all social levels. To Iman (1997)1 the study of women in general and African women in particular has contributed to broaden and deepen the knowledge about African realities. A more detailed knowledge of health care options for women and their choices in this sector is essential for the implementation of an effective health strategy coordinating both public health planning and the heterogeneous non-public sector.Deriving from the collected depositions in Guinea Bissau, the purpose of this article is, in the context of the economic liberalization process...

‣ Social inequality in motorcycle helmet use: when a reduction in inequality is not necessarily good news

Chiou, Shu-Ti; Lu, Tsung-Hsueh; Lai, Ching-Huei; Chiang, Tung-liang; Kawachi, Ichiro
Fonte: BMJ Publishing Group Publicador: BMJ Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Background: We sought to examine changes in the magnitude of social inequality in motorcycle helmet use in Taiwan between 2001 and 2009. Methods: Using data from the 2001 and 2009 Taiwan National Health Interview Surveys, we calculated absolute (the slope index of inequality, SII) and relative (relative index of inequality, RII) measures of inequality in helmet use by three indicators of socioeconomic position. Results: The rate of motorcycle helmet use was 92% (14 801/16 100) in 2001 and decreased to 89% (15 748/17 948) in 2009. We noted a significant decrease in social inequality in helmet use in RII according to urbanisation level, a significant decrease in SII and RII according to income level, and a significant increase in SII according to education level. The reduction in RII according to urbanisation level was more prominent than that based on income level, from 1.73 (95% CI 1.63 to 1.84) in 2001 to 1.33 (95% CI 1.27 to 1.39) in 2009. The decline in helmet use was most prominent for motorcycle users who live in suburban areas, from 94% in 2001 to 88% in 2009. Conclusions: The significant reduction of social inequality in helmet use according to urbanisation level and income is not a public health success story. Rather, it is a warning sign of slackening law enforcement in Taiwan.

‣ Exploring relationship between social inequality and adaptations to climate change: evidence from urban household surveys in the Yangtze River delta, China

Tan, Y.; Liu, X.; Hugo, G.
Fonte: Kluwer Academic Publishers Publicador: Kluwer Academic Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.546943%
This research enhances our understanding of the complex relationship between climate change, social inequality, and adaption, in urban areas. It is novel, being the first research in this area to be based on a conceptual econometric framework within which multiple stages are explicitly developed, and for which empirical evidence is gathered. We use this approach to examine the role of material, social status, and power inequality in influencing spontaneous adaptation choices in urban settings of China’s Yangtze River delta. This framework differentiates two vital stages in adaptation decision making at the household level which allows us to examine, first, how social inequality shapes the severity of climate impact and, second, how social inequality interacts with this experience to influence responses to these impacts. We pilot this approach in selected metropolitan areas of Shanghai and Nanjing. Our results show that all dimensions of social inequality are significantly associated with experiences of climate change and adaptation choice. Application of our conceptual framework provides policymakers and planners with a new and useful tool that can be used to formulate better policy measures that either enable the disadvantaged to adapt in situ or provide these groups with real opportunities and capacities to migrate.; Yan Tan...

‣ The Social Health Atlas : a policy tool to describe and monitor social inequality and health inequality in Australia

Glover, John; Tennant, Sarah; Woollacott, Tony
Fonte: Universidad de Alcalá. Servicio de Publicaciones Publicador: Universidad de Alcalá. Servicio de Publicaciones
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 500600 bytes; application/pdf
Português
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En 1988, como respuesta a la toma de conciencia del papel que las desigualdades sociales juegan en las desigualdades relacionadas con la salud, la Oficina para la Salud Social de la Comisión de Salud de Australia Meridional propuso la adopción de una estrategia en salud social. La estrategia en salud social adoptó una visión, para mejorar la salud de los habitantes de Australia Meridional, basada en el reconocimiento de políticas externas al sector sanitario que pueden tener un impacto importante sobre la salud de la comunidad en general y de los grupos más desfavorecidos en particular. Entre estas políticas externas a la salud destacan la vivienda, la educación y el transporte. En su conjunto, esta visión se conoce como "aproximación social a la salud". Como parte de esta estrategia, la información se percibe como una componente importante al facilitar la descripción de perfiles socioeconómicos y de salud en la población. Los mapas fueron elegidos como el mejor instrumento para presentar y transmitir este tipo de información. Los mapas presentan la información de tal forma que ésta se hace accesible a audiencias heterogéneas, no sólo para aquellas encargadas de establecer políticas e implementar estrategias sino también a los consumidores y a otros actores sociales que podrían tener limitaciones a la hora de manejar información estadística presentada de forma más tradicional. Los mapas del atlas que se presenta describen la distribución geográfica de la población a través de un amplio rango de indicadores socioeconómicos...

‣ The social health atlas: A policy tool to describe and monitor social inequality and inequality in Australia

Glover, J.; McDonald, S.; Woollacott, A.
Fonte: Universidad de Alcala de Henares, Departamento de Geografia Publicador: Universidad de Alcala de Henares, Departamento de Geografia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2005 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.65263%
In 1988, in response to an increasing awareness in Australia of the role of social inequality as a key to health inequality, the Social Health Office within the South Australian Health Commission proposed the adoption of a social health strategy. The social health strategy outlined an approach to improving health for all South Australians through a recognition that policies in areas outside of the health sector, such as housing, education, transport etc. can have substantial impact on the health of the general community, and in particular on disadvantaged groups. This is often referred to as a 'social view of health'. Information was seen as having an important part in this strategy, by describing the socioeconomic and health status profiles of the population. The approach chosen to presenting information was through mapping. Maps present data in a way that is accessible to a wide audience, not only those charged with setting policy and undertaking strategic planning, but to consumers and other community advocates who may have limited skills in handling statistical information presented in more traditional ways. The maps describe the geographic distribution of the population by a range of socioeconomic indicators, together with maps showing their health status and use of health services...

‣ Social inequality and children's growth in Guatemala

Pebley, Anne R; Goldman, Noreen
Fonte: Health Transition Centre, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Publicador: Health Transition Centre, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health,
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 62462 bytes; application/pdf
Português
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This paper is an investigation of the effects of social inequality in Guatemala on children’s health and nutritional status as measured by attained height. Guatemala remains a highly stratified and poor society. We examine the association of land distribution, land tenure, occupation, and other aspects of family social and economic status with children’s height between the ages of three months and 36 months, using data from a cross-sectional survey. An important consequence of the poverty and poor living conditions of the majority of the Guatemalan population is substantial deficits in children’s growth. Our results suggest that children’s growth is affected by ethnicity, their father’s occupation, land distribution in the area where they live, and maternal education. Substantial growth deficits are observed among children living at altitudes above 1500 metres; we hypothesize that this is because, in Guatemala, higher altitude is associated with land scarcity, poorer agricultural conditions, and greater remoteness from transport networks and other public services.; yes

‣ La educación universitaria como pilar fundamental para disminuir la desigualdad social en Colombia; University education as a fundamental to reduce the social inequality in Colombia

López B., Willian Fernando; Valdiri Lugo, Luz Elena
Fonte: Universidad Militar Nueva Granada; Facultad de Educación; Especialización en Docencia Universitaria Publicador: Universidad Militar Nueva Granada; Facultad de Educación; Especialización en Docencia Universitaria
Tipo: bachelorThesis; Trabajo de grado Formato: pdf; pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.487485%
La educación es, a nivel mundial, uno de los principales marcadores de desarrollo de un país. La educación genera conocimientos, mejor calidad de vida, trabajo y vida digna. En Colombia, La educación universitaria se ha convertido en un factor generador y perpetuador de la desigualdad social, siendo la educación de calidad casi exclusiva para las clases sociales medias y altas, que son la minoría de nuestra población. Esto se ve reflejado en reportes recientes de Naciones Unidas en donde se señala a Colombia como uno de los países con mayores índices de desigualdad social en el continente. Se propone entonces el acceso a la educación universitaria de calidad para estos grupos sociales mayoritarios pero discriminados, como pilar fundamental para disminuir la desigualdad social en Colombia.; Education is, globally,one of the main markersof development of a country. Education provides knowledge,better quality oflife, work anddecent life.In Colombia, college education has become a generator and perpetuating social inequality factor, being the almost exclusive quality education for the middle and upper classes, who are the minority of our population.This is reflectedinrecent reportsof the UN in Colombia where noted as one of the countries with high levelsof social inequality on the continent.Access toquality higher education for these groups but majority social discrimination...

‣ Network Effects and Social Inequality

DiMaggio, Paul; Garip, Filiz
Fonte: Annual Reviews Publicador: Annual Reviews
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.525146%
Students of social inequality have noted the presence of mechanisms militating toward cumulative advantage and increasing inequality. Social scientists have established that individuals' choices are influenced by those of their network peers in many social domains. We suggest that the ubiquity of network effects and tendencies toward cumulative advantage are related. Inequality is exacerbated when effects of individual differences are multiplied by social networks: when persons must decide whether to adopt beneficial practices; when network externalities, social learning, or normative pressures influence adoption decisions; and when networks are homophilous with respect to individual characteristics that predict such decisions. We review evidence from literatures on network effects on technology, labor markets, education, demography, and health; identify several mechanisms through which networks may generate higher levels of inequality than one would expect based on differences in initial endowments alone; consider cases in which network effects may ameliorate inequality; and describe research priorities.; Sociology

‣ Advances, problems and perspectives in the study of social inequality in Iberian Late Prehistory

Díaz-del-Río, Pedro; García Sanjuán, Leonardo
Fonte: Archaeopress Publicador: Archaeopress
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 368242 bytes; application/pdf
Português
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This paper attempts a general assessment of the contributions included in this volume. We examine three main kinds of problems related to the research on social inequality in Iberian Late Prehistory. These are theoretical, empirical and interpretative. Among the first, we comment upon the very definition of social inequality, the taxonomical categories employed in social evolution, as well as the main factors causing inequality, with special attention to labour force mobilisation. Among the second, we highlight some weaknesses of the Iberian archaeological record for the investigation of the subject matter, such as the limitations of the absolute chronology or the settlement record. Finally, we discuss the propositions that have been put forward to understand the forms that social inequality took among Neolithic, Copper and Bronze Age communities, concluding that Iberian archaeologists would much benefit from a comparative perspective.; Peer reviewed

‣ Social Inequality and the University

Georg, Werner
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Article; info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2005 Português
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Since Pierre Bourdieu's early work on «Reproduction», social inequality in the educational system and especially at university level was in the focus of sociological interest. On the background of Bourdieu's capital theory this contribution poses the question of how students from different social strata accumulate economic, social and cultural capital at the university. On the basis of a student survey conducted at the regions of Baden-Württemberg, Rhone-Alps and Catalunia, a comparison is made by means of a correspondence analysis. As a result it can be shown Baden-Württenberg displays the strongest social inequalities at university level, followed by Rhone-Alps and Catalonia. While Baden-Württemberg and Rhone-Alps show the same pattern of social inequlity (a dominance of economic disparities), the connection between social strata and university system seems to be quite different in Catalonia.; Des del primerenc treball de Pierre Bourdieu a «Reproduction», la desigualtat social al sistema educatiu i especialment a nivell universitari ha estat un focus d'interès sociològic. A la base de la principal teoria de Bourdieu, s'hi planteja la qüestió de com estudiants de diferents estrats socials acumulen capital econòmic, social i cultural a la universitat. Basantse en una enquesta a estudiants...

‣ São Paulo: segregação urbana e desigualdade; São Paulo: Urban segregation and inequality

Villaça, Flávio
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Estudos Avançados Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Estudos Avançados
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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O texto se inicia com a ideia de que o espaço urbano não é um dado da natureza, mas um produto do trabalho humano. Propõe então uma nova maneira de abordar a segregação urbana, utilizando para isso o caso da cidade de São Paulo. Mostra, entretanto, que essa nova abordagem vale também não só para a Região Metropolitana de São Paulo, como também para todas as demais Regiões Metropolitanas do Brasil. Esclarece os avanços por ela possibilitados, a saber: tanto o relacionamento da segregação com a estrutura espacial urbana como um todo, como seu relacionamento com todos os componentes da totalidade social. Nesse sentido, faz uma análise da segregação espacial dos empregos da população na cidade de São Paulo, mostrando a relação entre a segregação residencial e a segregação dos locais de emprego, bem como a relação dessas segregações com a desigualdade e a dominação sociais. Finalmente, mostra a relação entre a produção social do espaço e a produção social do tempo, mediante análise da relação entre o espaço urbano e o tempo gasto pelos moradores das metrópoles em seus deslocamentos nesse espaço.; The paper starts with the idea that urban space is not a product of nature but of men´s labour. It proceeds presenting a new way of focusing and analyzing urban segregation...

‣ The feeling of social belonging as a basic and universal right; O sentimento de pertencimento social como um direito básico e universal

Tavares, Rosana Carneiro; Fundação Universidade do Tocantins
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Revisão de literatura; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/06/2014 Português
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This paper presents the study of the human condition, developed by Doyal and Gough, doing an interface with critical social psychology. These authors propose an objective and universal conception of human needs and include on field of the social right that must be provided by state, needs that go beyond material deprivation. The socio historical references of social inequality in the dialectical perspective are the base of the discussions that we developed. The interface with psychology can be possible when the authors include psychosocial factors as human need basic and universal, showing that coping of the social inequality must overcome the model of public policy that perversely transforms exclusion in inclusion, without considering the different forms of social legitimacy that determine the inequality or are determined by it.; http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1984-8951.2014v15n106p179Este trabalho apresenta o estudo da condição humana, elaborado por Doyal e Gough (1994), fazendo interface com a Psicologia Social Crítica. Esses autores propõem uma compreensão objetiva e universal das necessidades humanas, e incluem, na esfera dos direitos sociais, que devem ser providos pelo Estado, necessidades que extrapolam a necessidade material. Os referenciais sócio-históricos da desigualdade social...

‣ Book review: Social inequality: a student’s guide by Louise Warwick-Booth

Wargent, Matthew
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/01/2014 Português
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"Social Inequality: A Student’s Guide." Louise Warwick-Booth. SAGE Publications. September 2013. --- What is the state of social inequality today? How can students situate themselves in the debates? In this book, Louise Warwick-Booth presents an introduction to the key areas, definitions, and debates within the field. Matthew Wargent believes that this text will undoubtedly find a home in the discipline of social policy, and will be of interest right across the board, not least in human geography, political studies, journalism and political sociology.

‣ Negotiating with adversity: reflections about "race", (homo)sexuality and social inequality in Rio de Janeiro

Moutinho,Laura
Fonte: Estudos Feministas Publicador: Estudos Feministas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2006 Português
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The purpose of this article is to discuss how the dynamic of affection and pleasure combine with social inequality in the city of Rio de Janeiro’s GLS circuit. More specifically, it will look at part of the life trajectories of two young black homosexual men who live in the suburbs of Rio de Janeiro and of one who lives in the favela da Maré. The field work revealed that in this context the darker male homosexuals who live in the suburbs and favelas of Rio de Janeiro have a broader field of maneuver than those in which are inserted the heterosexual male and female youth of the region and even the lesbians and transvestites of different colors who live in these regions.

‣ Social determinants and inequalities in tuberculosis incidence in Latin America and the Caribbean

Munayco,César V.; Mújica,Oscar J.; León,Francisco X.; Granado,Mirtha del; Espinal,Marcos A.
Fonte: Organización Panamericana de la Salud Publicador: Organización Panamericana de la Salud
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2015 Português
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OBJECTIVE: To identify key social determinants of tuberculosis (TB) incidence among countries in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), a geographic area regarded as one of the most socioeconomically unequal in the world METHODS: An ecological study was conducted at the country level. Data were obtained from several institutional-based sources. Random-effects regression modeling was used to explore the relationship between several social determinants indicators and TB incidence rates in 20 LAC countries in 1995-2012. Standard gap and gradient metrics of social inequality in TB incidence among countries in 2000, 2005, and 2010 were then calculated. RESULTS: TB incidence rate trends were significantly associated with health expenditure per capita and access to improved sanitation facilities, as well as with life expectancy at birth and TB detection rate, after adjusting for other socioeconomic, demographic, and health services variables. Absolute and relative inequality in TB incidence remained mostly unchanged: countries at the bottom 20% of both health expenditure and sanitation coverage distributions concentrated up to 40% of all TB incident cases, despite a considerable decline in the overall TB incidence mean rate during the period assessed. CONCLUSIONS: Along with the intensity of TB control (reflected by TB detection rate)...