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‣ Sleep deprivation of rats: The hyperphagic response is real

KOBAN, Michael; SITA, Luciane V.; LE, Wei Wei; HOFFMAN, Gloria E.
Fonte: AMER ACAD SLEEP MEDICINE Publicador: AMER ACAD SLEEP MEDICINE
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Study Objectives: Chronic sleep deprivation of rats causes hyperphagia without body weight gain. Sleep deprivation hyperphagia is prompted by changes in pathways governing food intake; hyperphagia may be adaptive to sleep deprivation hypermetabolism. A recent paper suggested that sleep deprivation might inhibit ability of rats to increase food intake and that hyperphagia may be an artifact of uncorrected chow spillage. To resolve this, a palatable liquid diet (Ensure) was used where spillage is insignificant. Design: Sleep deprivation of male Sprague Dawley rats was enforced for 10 days by the flowerpot/platform paradigm. Daily food intake and body weight were measured. On day 10, rats were transcardially perfused for analysis of hypothalamic mRNA expression of the orexigen, neuropeptide Y (NPY). Setting: Morgan State University, sleep deprivation and transcardial perfusion; University of Maryland, NPY in situ hybridization and analysis. Measurements and Results: Using a liquid diet for accurate daily measurements, there was no change in food intake in the first 5 days of sleep deprivation. Importantly, from days 6-10 it increased significantly, peaking at 29% above baseline. Control rats steadily gained weight but sleep-deprived rats did not. Hypothalamic NPY mRNA levels were positively correlated to stimulation of food intake and negatively correlated with changes in body weight. Conclusion: Sleep deprivation hyperphagia may not be apparent over the short term (i.e....

‣ Efeitos da privação parcial do sono no endotélio venoso e no controle autonômico em voluntários saudáveis; Effects of partial sleep deprivation on venous endothelium and autonomic control of healthy volunteers

Dettoni, Josilene Lopes
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/11/2008 Português
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A privação do sono é um problema sério nos tempos atuais e pode ter graves conseqüências para a fisiologia humana. De fato, a redução no tempo de sono tem sido associada a um notável aumento na incidência de hipertensão arterial, diabetes mellitus, infarto do miocárdio, acidente vascular cerebral e estresse, porém os mecanismos envolvidos são pobremente compreendidos. Objetivos: Avaliar o impacto da privação parcial do sono na função endotelial venosa e no controle autonômico cardiovascular em homens saudáveis. Métodos: Treze voluntários do sexo masculino, saudáveis e com idade média de 31±2 anos, tiveram o sono monitorado por diário de sono e actigrafia de pulso durante 12 noites consecutivas, nas quais foram divididas em 2 dois períodos. Um período de 5 noites denominado de privação parcial do sono (dormir<5h por noite) e outro de 5 noites denominado de sono controle (dormir>7h por noite). Entre estes períodos, foi interposto por 2 noites de sono irrestrito (com pelo menos de 7 horas de sono por noite). A escolha do período inicial de sono foi randomizada. Ao término de cada período de 5 dias, foi analisada a reatividade vascular venosa (com a técnica da veia do dorso da mão, Dorsal Hand Vein)...

‣ Desenvolvimento de uma metodologia analítica  por LC-MS/MS para determinação de meta-clorofenilpiperazina em plasma de camundongos submetidos à privação de sono paradoxal; Development of an analytical methodology by LC-MS/MS for determination of meta-chlorophenylpiperazine in plasma of mice submitted to paradoxical sleep deprivation

Polesel, Daniel Ninello
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/12/2012 Português
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O aumento no uso abusivo e nas apreensões de comprimidos contendo 1-(3-clorofenil)piperazina (mCPP) têm sido observado na Europa desde o final do século 20. A mCPP promove efeitos semelhantes a metilenodioximetanfetamina (ecstasy) e surgiu como uma alternativa menos neurotóxica. Os principais efeitos descritos pelos usuários são sensação de bem-estar, euforia e empatia. Os efeitos adversos observados em casos de intoxicação aguda são a ansiedade, confusão, insônia, ataques de pânico, estados convulsivos, taquicardia e até mesmo a morte. A mCPP frequentemente tem seu uso associado com a privação de sono dos usuários em ambientes noturnos (festas e danceterias). Além disso, o fármaco provoca insônia no usuário, agravando ainda mais as consequências ao sono do indivíduo. O sono REM, em humanos, ou chamado de sono paradoxal nos animais, é uma fase importante do sono, por ser ela a fase de retorno da homeostasia comportamental e bioquímica. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar os efeitos comportamentais dos isômeros da clorofenilpiperazina e desenvolver um método analítico para identificar e quantificar a mCPP em amostras de plasma de camundongos submetidos à privação de sono paradoxal (PSP) por 24 e 48 horas. A ferramenta analítica empregada para identificar e quantificar a mCPP foi a cromatografia líquida acoplada à espectrometria de massas (LC-MS/MS). As análises comportamentais de ansiedade e atividade locomotora dos camundongos utilizaram os testes do Labirinto em Cruz Elevado e o teste do Campo Aberto...

‣ Neuroethologic differences in sleep deprivation induced by the single- and multiple-platform methods

Medeiros, R.; Lenneberg-Hoshino, C.; Hoshino, K.; Tufik, S.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (ABRADIC) Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (ABRADIC)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 675-680
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.538086%
It has been proposed that the multiple-platform method (MP) for desynchronized sleep (DS) deprivation eliminates the stress induced by social isolation and by the restriction of locomotion in the single-platform (SP) method. MP, however, induces a higher increase in plasma corticosterone and ACTH levels than SP. Since deprivation is of heuristic value to identify the functional role of this state of sleep, the objective of the present study was to determine the behavioral differences exhibited by rats during sleep deprivation induced by these two methods. All behavioral patterns exhibited by a group of 7 albino male Wistar rats submitted to 4 days of sleep deprivation by the MP method (15 platforms, spaced 150 mm apart) and by 7 other rats submitted to sleep deprivation by the SP method were recorded in order to elaborate an ethogram. The behavioral patterns were quantitated in 10 replications by naive observers using other groups of 7 rats each submitted to the same deprivation schedule. Each quantification session lasted 35 min and the behavioral patterns presented by each rat over a period of 5 min were counted. The results obtained were: a) rats submitted to the MP method changed platforms at a mean rate of 2.62 ± 1.17 platforms h-1 animal-1; b) the number of episodes of noninteractive waking patterns for the MP animals was significantly higher than that for SP animals (1077 vs 768); c) additional episodes of waking patterns (26.9 ± 18.9 episodes/session) were promoted by social interaction in MP animals; d) the cumulative number of sleep episodes observed in the MP test (311) was significantly lower (chi-square test...

‣ Electroencephalographic changes after one nigth of sleep deprivation

Ferreira,Camila; Deslandes,Andréa; Moraes,Helena; Cagy,Maurício; Pompeu,Fernando; Basile,Luis Fernando; Piedade,Roberto; Ribeiro,Pedro
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2006 Português
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Total or partial sleep deprivation (SD) causes degrading effects on different cognitive and psychomotor functions that might be related to electrophysiological changes frequently observed. In the present study, we investigated the effects of one night of sleep deprivation on waking EEG. Experimental protocol consisted of recording electroencephalographic data from eleven healthy young subjects before (baseline) and after (time 2) one night of sleep deprivation. A natural log transformation was carried out and showed a significant increase in theta T6 (p=0.041), O2 (p=0.018) and OZ (p=0.028); and delta T6 (p=0.043) relative power; and a decrease in alpha Fp1 (p=0.040), F3 (p=0.013), Fp2 (p=0.033), T4 (p=0.050), T6 (p=0.018), O2 (p=0.011) and Oz (p=0.025) and beta (p=0.022) absolute power. These outcomes show that the EEG power spectra, after sleep deprivation, exhibit site-specific differences in particular frequency bands and corroborate for the premise of local aspects of brain adaptation after sleep deprivation, rather than global.

‣ Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep deprivation reduces rat frontal cortex acetylcholinesterase (EC 3.1.1.7) activity

Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/1997 Português
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Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep deprivation induces several behavioral changes. Among these, a decrease in yawning behavior produced by low doses of cholinergic agonists is observed which indicates a change in brain cholinergic neurotransmission after REM sleep deprivation. Acetylcholinesterase (Achase) controls acetylcholine (Ach) availability in the synaptic cleft. Therefore, altered Achase activity may lead to a change in Ach availability at the receptor level which, in turn, may result in modification of cholinergic neurotransmission. To determine if REM sleep deprivation would change the activity of Achase, male Wistar rats, 3 months old, weighing 250-300 g, were deprived of REM sleep for 96 h by the flower-pot technique (N = 12). Two additional groups, a home-cage control (N = 6) and a large platform control (N = 6), were also used. Achase was measured in the frontal cortex using two different methods to obtain the enzyme activity. One method consisted of the obtention of total (900 g supernatant), membrane-bound (100,000 g pellet) and soluble (100,000 g supernatant) Achase, and the other method consisted of the obtention of a fraction (40,000 g pellet) enriched in synaptic membrane-bound enzyme. In both preparations, REM sleep deprivation induced a significant decrease in rat frontal cortex Achase activity when compared to both home-cage and large platform controls. REM sleep deprivation induced a significant decrease of 16% in the membrane-bound Achase activity (nmol thiocholine formed min-1 mg protein-1) in the 100...

‣ Neuroethologic differences in sleep deprivation induced by the single- and multiple-platform methods

Medeiros,R.; Lenneberg-Hoshino,C.; Hoshino,K.; Tufik,S.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/1998 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.538086%
It has been proposed that the multiple-platform method (MP) for desynchronized sleep (DS) deprivation eliminates the stress induced by social isolation and by the restriction of locomotion in the single-platform (SP) method. MP, however, induces a higher increase in plasma corticosterone and ACTH levels than SP. Since deprivation is of heuristic value to identify the functional role of this state of sleep, the objective of the present study was to determine the behavioral differences exhibited by rats during sleep deprivation induced by these two methods. All behavioral patterns exhibited by a group of 7 albino male Wistar rats submitted to 4 days of sleep deprivation by the MP method (15 platforms, spaced 150 mm apart) and by 7 other rats submitted to sleep deprivation by the SP method were recorded in order to elaborate an ethogram. The behavioral patterns were quantitated in 10 replications by naive observers using other groups of 7 rats each submitted to the same deprivation schedule. Each quantification session lasted 35 min and the behavioral patterns presented by each rat over a period of 5 min were counted. The results obtained were: a) rats submitted to the MP method changed platforms at a mean rate of 2.62 ± 1.17 platforms h-1 animal-1; b) the number of episodes of noninteractive waking patterns for the MP animals was significantly higher than that for SP animals (1077 vs 768); c) additional episodes of waking patterns (26.9 ± 18.9 episodes/session) were promoted by social interaction in MP animals; d) the cumulative number of sleep episodes observed in the MP test (311) was significantly lower (chi-square test...

‣ Paradoxical sleep deprivation increases plasma endothelin levels

Palma,B.D.; Gabriel Jr.,A.; Bignotto,M.; Tufik,S.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2002 Português
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The endothelins (ET-1, 2 and 3) constitute a family of 21 amino acid peptides with potent biological activities. ET-1 is one of the most potent endogenous vasoconstrictors so far identified and its increased concentration in plasma appears to be closely related to the pathogenesis of arterial hypertension as well as to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). OSA patients exhibit repetitive episodes of apnea and hypopnea that result in hypoxia and consecutive arousals. These patients are chronically sleep deprived, which may aggravate the hypertensive features, since literature data show that sleep deprivation results in hypertension both in humans and in animals. Based on the reported relationship between ET-1, hypertension and sleep deprivation consequences, the purpose of the present study was to determine plasma ET concentrations in paradoxical sleep-deprived animals. Male Wistar rats, 3 to 4 months old (N = 10 per group), were deprived of sleep for 24 and 96 h by the platform technique and plasma ET-1/2 was measured by radioimmunoassay. Analysis of plasma revealed that 96 h of sleep deprivation induced a significant increase in ET-1/2 release (6.58 fmol/ml) compared to control (5.07 fmol/ml). These data show that sleep deprivation altered plasma ET-1/2 concentrations...

‣ Sawtooth waves during REM sleep after administration of haloperidol combined with total sleep deprivation in healthy young subjects

Pinto Jr.,L.R.; Peres,C.A.; Russo,R.H.; Remesar-Lopez,A.J.; Tufik,S.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2002 Português
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We sought to examine the possible participation of dopaminergic receptors in the phasic events that occur during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, known as sawtooth waves (STW). These phasic phenomena of REM sleep exhibit a unique morphology and, although they represent a characteristic feature of REM sleep, little is known about the mechanisms which generate them and which are apparently different from rapid eye movements. STW behavior was studied in 10 male volunteers aged 20 to 35 years, who were submitted to polysomnographic monitoring (PSG). On the adaptation night they were submitted to the first PSG and on the second night, to the basal PSG. On the third night the volunteers received placebo or haloperidol and spent the whole night awake. On the fourth night they were submitted to the third PSG. After a 15-day rest period, the volunteers returned to the sleep laboratory and, according to a double-blind crossover randomized design, received haloperidol or placebo and spent the whole night awake, after which they were submitted to the fourth PSG. The volunteers who were given haloperidol combined with sleep deprivation exhibited an elevation of the duration and density of the STW, without significant alterations of the other REM sleep phasic phenomena such as rapid eye movement. These findings suggest that sawtooth waves must have their own generating mechanisms and that the dopaminergic receptors must exert a modulating role since REM sleep deprivation...

‣ Effects of cocaine, methamphetamine and modafinil challenge on sleep rebound after paradoxical sleep deprivation in rats

Martins,R.C.S; Andersen,M.L; Shih,M.C; Tufik,S
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 Português
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Sleep loss is both common and critically relevant to our society and might lead to the abuse of psychostimulants such as amphetamines, cocaine and modafinil. Since psychoactive substance abuse often occurs within a scenario of sleep deficit, the purpose of this investigation was to compare the sleep patterns of rats challenged with cocaine (7 mg/kg, ip), methamphetamine (7 mg/kg, ip), or modafinil (100 mg/kg, ip) subsequent to paradoxical sleep deprivation (PSD) for 96 h. Our results show that, immediately after 96 h of PSD, rats (10 per group) that were injected with a psychostimulant presented lower percentages of paradoxical sleep compared to those injected with saline (P < 0.01). Regarding slow wave sleep (SWS), rats injected with psychostimulants after PSD presented a late rebound (on the second night subsequent to the injection) in the percentage of this phase of sleep when compared to PSD rats injected with saline (P < 0.05). In addition, the current study has produced evidence of the characteristic effect of each drug on sleep architecture. Home cage control rats injected with modafinil and methamphetamine showed a reduction in SWS compared with the saline group. Methamphetamine affected sleep patterns most, since it significantly reduced paradoxical sleep...

‣ Influence of food restriction on lipid profile and spontaneous glucose levels in male rats subjected to paradoxical sleep deprivation

Alvarenga,Tathiana Aparecida; Tufik,Sergio; Pires,Gabriel Natan; Andersen,Monica Levy
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 Português
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OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the paired consequences of food restriction and paradoxical sleep deprivation on lipid profile and spontaneous glucose levels in male rats. METHOD: Food restriction began at weaning, with 6 g of food being provided per day, which was subsequently increased by 1 g per week until reaching 15 g per day by the eighth week. At adulthood, both rats subjected to food restriction and those fed ad libitum were exposed to paradoxical sleep deprivation for 96 h or were maintained in their home-cage groups. RESULTS: Animals subjected to food restriction exhibited a significant increase in high-density lipoprotein levels compared to animals that were given free access to food. After the paradoxical sleep deprivation period, the foodrestricted animals demonstrated reduced concentrations of high-density lipoprotein relative to their respective controls, although the values for the food-restricted animals after sleep deprivation were still higher than those for the ad libitum group. The concentration of low-density lipoproteins was significantly increased in sleep-deprived animals fed the ad libitum diet. The levels of triglycerides, very low-density lipoproteins, and glucose in foodrestricted animals were each decreased compared to both ad libitum groups. CONCLUSION: These results may help to illustrate the mechanisms underlying the relationship between sleep curtailment and metabolism and may suggest that...

‣ The influence of sleep deprivation and obesity on DNA damage in female Zucker rats

Tenorio,Neuli M.; Ribeiro,Daniel A.; Alvarenga,Tathiana A.; Fracalossi,Ana Carolina C.; Carlin,Viviane; Hirotsu,Camila; Tufik,Sergio; Andersen,Monica L.
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 Português
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OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate overall genetic damage induced by total sleep deprivation in obese, female Zucker rats of differing ages. METHOD: Lean and obese Zucker rats at 3, 6, and 15 months old were randomly distributed into two groups for each age group: home-cage control and sleep-deprived (N = 5/group). The sleep-deprived groups were deprived sleep by gentle handling for 6 hours, whereas the home-cage control group was allowed to remain undisturbed in their home-cage. At the end of the sleep deprivation period, or after an equivalent amount of time for the home-cage control groups, the rats were brought to an adjacent room and decapitated. The blood, brain, and liver tissue were collected and stored individually to evaluate DNA damage. RESULTS: Significant genetic damage was observed only in 15-month-old rats. Genetic damage was present in the liver cells from sleep-deprived obese rats compared with lean rats in the same condition. Sleep deprivation was associated with genetic damage in brain cells regardless of obesity status. DNA damage was observed in the peripheral blood cells regardless of sleep condition or obesity status. CONCLUSION: Taken together, these results suggest that obesity was associated with genetic damage in liver cells...

‣ Utility of saccadic eye movement analysis as an objective biomarker to detect the sedative interaction between opioids and sleep deprivation in opioid-naive and opioid-tolerant populations

Grace, P.; Stanford, T.; Gentgall, M.; Rolan, P.
Fonte: Sage Publications Ltd Publicador: Sage Publications Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 Português
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Analysis of saccadic eye movements (SEMs) has previously been used to detect drug- and sleep-deprivation-induced sedation, but never in combination. We compared the effects of sleep deprivation and opioids on 10 opioid-naive with nine opioid-tolerant participants. The naive-participant study evaluated the effects of sleep deprivation alone, morphine alone and the combination; the tolerant-participant study compared day-to-day effects of alternate-daily-dosed buprenorphine and the combination of buprenorphine on the dosing day with sleep deprivation. Psychomotor impairment was measured using SEMs, a 5-minute pupil adaptation test (PAT), pupil light reflex (PLR) and alertness visual analogue scale (AVAS). The PAT and PLR did not detect sleep deprivation, in contrast to previous studies. Whilst consistently detecting sleep deprivation, the AVAS also detected buprenorphine in the tolerant study, but not morphine in the naive study. SEMs detected morphine alone and sleep deprivation alone as well as an additive interaction in the naive study and the effect of sleep deprivation in the tolerant study. The alternate-day buprenorphine dosing did not alter SEMs. The current study revealed greater SEMs, but not AVAS impairment in tolerant versus naive participants. The current study demonstrates that objective measures provide additional information to subjective measures and thus should be used in combination.; Peter M Grace...

‣ Die Auswirkung von Tageszeit, Schlafentzug und Messwiederholung auf langsame Augenfolgebewegungen; The effect of time of day, sleep deprivation and repeated measures on smooth pursuit eye movements

Mänz, Constantin
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Fragestellung Hauptziel dieser Arbeit war es den Einfluss von Tageszeit, Schlafentzug und Messwiederholung auf langsame Augenfolgebewegungen, Reaktionszeit, subjektive Wachheit und Stimmung zu untersuchen. Methodik 12 gesunde Frauen und Männer wurden an 4 aufeinanderfolgenden Tagen untersucht. Zur Erfassung des Wiederholungseinflusses wurde an den ersten 3 Tagen zu gleichen Uhrzeiten (9, 11, 13 Uhr) gemessen. Im Anschluss daran wurden tageszeitlicher und Schlafentzugseinfluss während einer durchwachten Periode von 30 Stunden untersucht. Die Messungen wurden in zweistündigen Abständen durchgeführt. Zur Datenanalyse wurde zunächst ein multiples Regressionsmodell angewandt. Aufgrund mangelnder Trennschärfe zwischen tageszeitlichen und Ermüdungseinfluss wurde die Analyse noch um ein sogenanntes Bereinigungsverfahren erweitert, was eine genaue Trennung zwischen den beiden Anteilen erlaubt. Ergebnisse Nur der Gain unter sinusförmiger Stimulation, sowie der Root Mean Square und die Anzahl der Sakkaden pro Sekunden unter sinus- und dreieckförmiger Stimulation zeigten eine signifikante Verbesserung durch Versuchwiederholung. Signifikante tageszeitliche Effekte waren nur beim Gain unter Phi- und Sinus-Stimulation zu finden. Der Schlafentzug wirkte sich bei Phi-...

‣ Effects of Acute Sleep Deprivation Resulting from Night Shift Work on Young Doctors; Efeitos Agudos da Privação de Sono Decorrente do Trabalho Nocturno em Jovens Médicos

Sanches, Inês; Pneumology Department. Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra. Coimbra. Portugal.; Teixeira, Fátima; Pneumology Department. Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra. Coimbra. Portugal. Sleep Medicine Center. Centro Hospitalar
Fonte: Ordem dos Médicos Publicador: Ordem dos Médicos
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/08/2015 Português
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Introduction: To evaluate sleep deprivation and its effects on young physicians in relation to concentration capacity and psychomotor performance.Material and Methods: Eighteen physicians aged 26 - 33 years were divided into 2 groups: non-sleep deprived group (with no night work) and sleep deprived group (minimum 12 hour of night work/week). We applied Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index to screen the presence of sleep pathology and Epworth Sleepiness Scale to evaluate subjective daytime sleepiness; we used actigraphy and sleep diary to assess sleep hygiene and standard sleep-wake cycles. To demonstrate the effects of sleep deprivation, we applied Toulouse-Piéron’s test (concentration test) and a battery of three reaction time tasks after the night duty.Results: Sleep deprived group had higher daytime sleepiness on Epworth Sleepiness Scale (p < 0.05) and during week sleepdeprivation was higher (p < 0.010). The mean duration of sleep during the period of night duty was 184.2 minutes to sleep deprived group and 397.7 minutes to non-sleep deprived group (p < 0.001). In the Toulouse-Piéron´s test, the sleep deprived group had more omissions (p < 0.05) with a poorer result in concentration (p < 0.05). Psychomotor tests that evaluated response to simple stimuli revealed longer response latency (p < 0.05) and more errors (p < 0.05) in Sleep deprived group; in reaction to instruction test the sleepdeprived group showed worse perfection index (p < 0.05); in the fine movements test there was no statistically significant difference between the groups.Discussion: Acute sleep deprivation resulting from nocturnal work in medical professions is associated with a reduction in attention and concentration and delayed response to stimuli. This may compromise patient care as well as the physician’s health and quality of life.Conclusion: It is essential to study the effects of acute sleep deprivation on the cognitive abilities and performance of healthprofessionals.; Introdução: Avaliar a privação do sono e seus efeitos sobre os jovens médicos relativamente à capacidade de concentração edesempenho psicomotor.Material e Métodos: Dezoito médicos...

‣ Frontal Lobe Function and Performance Monitoring following Total Sleep Deprivation

Renn, Ryan
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.58771%
Imaging studies have shown reduced frontal lobe resources following total sleep deprivation (TSD). The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) in the frontal region plays a role in performance monitoring and cognitive control; both error detection and response inhibition are impaired following sleep loss. Event-related potentials (ERPs) are an electrophysiological tool used to index the brain's response to stimuli and information processing. In the Flanker task, the error-related negativity (ERN) and error positivity (Pe) ERPs are elicited after erroneous button presses. In a Go/NoGo task, NoGo-N2 and NoGo-P3 ERPs are elicited during high conflict stimulus processing. Research investigating the impact of sleep loss on ERPs during performance monitoring is equivocal, possibly due to task differences, sample size differences and varying degrees of sleep loss. Based on the effects of sleep loss on frontal function and prior research, it was expected that the sleep deprivation group would have lower accuracy, slower reaction time and impaired remediation on performance monitoring tasks, along with attenuated and delayed stimulus- and response-locked ERPs. In the current study, 49 young adults (24 male) were screened to be healthy good sleepers and then randomly assigned to a sleep deprived (n = 24) or rested control (n = 25) group. Participants slept in the laboratory on a baseline night...

‣ Rapid eye movement sleep deprivation induces an increase in acetylcholinesterase activity in discrete rat brain regions

Benedito,M.A.C.; Camarini,R.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2001 Português
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Some upper brainstem cholinergic neurons (pedunculopontine and laterodorsal tegmental nuclei) are involved in the generation of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and project rostrally to the thalamus and caudally to the medulla oblongata. A previous report showed that 96 h of REM sleep deprivation in rats induced an increase in the activity of brainstem acetylcholinesterase (Achase), the enzyme which inactivates acetylcholine (Ach) in the synaptic cleft. There was no change in the enzyme's activity in the whole brain and cerebrum. The components of the cholinergic synaptic endings (for example, Achase) are not uniformly distributed throughout the discrete regions of the brain. In order to detect possible regional changes we measured Achase activity in several discrete rat brain regions (medulla oblongata, pons, thalamus, striatum, hippocampus and cerebral cortex) after 96 h of REM sleep deprivation. Naive adult male Wistar rats were deprived of REM sleep using the flower-pot technique, while control rats were left in their home cages. Total, membrane-bound and soluble Achase activities (nmol of thiocholine formed min-1 mg protein-1) were assayed photometrically. The results (mean ± SD) obtained showed a statistically significant (Student t-test) increase in total Achase activity in the pons (control: 147.8 ± 12.8...

‣ Privação de sono em adolescentes está associada à diminuição da sensibilidade à insulina avaliada pelo clamp hiperglicêmico; Sleep deprivation in adolescents leads to reduction in insulin sensitivity, as assessed by hyperglycemic clamp technique

Ana Maria de Bernardi Rodrigues
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/08/2015 Português
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Embora as funções do sono não estejam completamente esclarecidas, há evidências de que o sono exerce um efeito modulador sobre os sistemas metabólicos, endócrinos, cardiovasculares e imunológicos. Vários estudos epidemiológicos sugerem uma ligação entre o curto período de sono e diminuição da sensibilidade à insulina (SI) em adolescentes. No entanto, a nosso conhecimento, não há estudos até à presente data que investigaram se a privação de sono reduz a sensibilidade à insulina avaliada por métodos acurados, tais como os estudos de clamp hiperglicêmico em adolescentes. Os objetivos foram comparar a distribuição de marcadores clínicos, antropométricos e de laboratoriais de resistência à insulina em adolescentes com privação de sono (<8 horas / noite) e sono adequado (> ou =8 horas / noite) e investigar se a privação de sono está associada a redução da sensibilidade à insulina avaliada pelo clamp hiperglicêmico. É um estudo multicêntrico transversal com 484 adolescentes (10-19 anos idade), ambos os sexos, com obtenção de dados clínicos, antropométricos, composição corporal, bioquímicos e tempo de sono noturno. A SI foi avaliada pelos índices do modelo de avaliação da homeostase (HOMA) e pela taxa de infusão de glicose ajustado para a massa magra (GIRFFM) obtida no clamp hiperglicêmico (N = 81). Os adolescentes com privação de sono...

‣ Influence of food restriction on lipid profile and spontaneous glucose levels in male rats subjected to paradoxical sleep deprivation

Alvarenga, Tathiana Aparecida; Tufik, Sergio; Pires, Gabriel Natan; Andersen, Monica Levy
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2012 Português
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OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the paired consequences of food restriction and paradoxical sleep deprivation on lipid profile and spontaneous glucose levels in male rats. METHOD: Food restriction began at weaning, with 6 g of food being provided per day, which was subsequently increased by 1 g per week until reaching 15 g per day by the eighth week. At adulthood, both rats subjected to food restriction and those fed ad libitum were exposed to paradoxical sleep deprivation for 96 h or were maintained in their home-cage groups. RESULTS: Animals subjected to food restriction exhibited a significant increase in high-density lipoprotein levels compared to animals that were given free access to food. After the paradoxical sleep deprivation period, the foodrestricted animals demonstrated reduced concentrations of high-density lipoprotein relative to their respective controls, although the values for the food-restricted animals after sleep deprivation were still higher than those for the ad libitum group. The concentration of low-density lipoproteins was significantly increased in sleep-deprived animals fed the ad libitum diet. The levels of triglycerides, very low-density lipoproteins, and glucose in foodrestricted animals were each decreased compared to both ad libitum groups. CONCLUSION: These results may help to illustrate the mechanisms underlying the relationship between sleep curtailment and metabolism and may suggest that...

‣ The influence of sleep deprivation and obesity on DNA damage in female Zucker rats

Tenorio, Neuli M.; Ribeiro, Daniel A.; Alvarenga, Tathiana A.; Fracalossi, Ana Carolina C.; Carlin, Viviane; Hirotsu, Camila; Tufik, Sergio; Andersen, Monica L.
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2013 Português
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OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate overall genetic damage induced by total sleep deprivation in obese, female Zucker rats of differing ages. METHOD: Lean and obese Zucker rats at 3, 6, and 15 months old were randomly distributed into two groups for each age group: home-cage control and sleep-deprived (N = 5/group). The sleep-deprived groups were deprived sleep by gentle handling for 6 hours, whereas the home-cage control group was allowed to remain undisturbed in their home-cage. At the end of the sleep deprivation period, or after an equivalent amount of time for the home-cage control groups, the rats were brought to an adjacent room and decapitated. The blood, brain, and liver tissue were collected and stored individually to evaluate DNA damage. RESULTS: Significant genetic damage was observed only in 15-month-old rats. Genetic damage was present in the liver cells from sleep-deprived obese rats compared with lean rats in the same condition. Sleep deprivation was associated with genetic damage in brain cells regardless of obesity status. DNA damage was observed in the peripheral blood cells regardless of sleep condition or obesity status. CONCLUSION: Taken together, these results suggest that obesity was associated with genetic damage in liver cells...