Últimos itens adicionados do Acervo: Centro Comum de Pesquisa da Comissão Européia

O Centro Comum de Pesquisa, mais conhecido por JRC - Joint Research Centre, é uma Diretoria Geral da Comissão Européia localizada em Bruxelas, na Bélgica. Possui a função de prover assessoria técnica e científica à Comissão Européia.

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‣ Global spatial and temporal analysis of human settlements from Optical Earth Observation: Concepts, procedures, and preliminary results

EHRLICH Daniele; JULEA ANDREEA MARIA; PESARESI Martino
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Printed
Português
This report provides an overview on the concepts, processing procedures and examples used to quantify changes in built-up land from optical satellite imagery. This is part of the larger work of the Global Human Settlement (GHS) team from the Joint Research Centre (JRC) that aims to measure the spatial extent of global human settlements, to monitor its changes over time and characterize the morphology of settlements. This built-up change analysis addresses the quantification of urbanization including some socio-economic and physical processes associated with urbanization. This includes the quantification of the building stock for modeling physical exposure in disaster risk modeling, as background layer for emergency response when a disaster unfolds and as background building stock layer for normalizing physical loss data. Based on the application of three of the most used change detection methods, Principal Component Analysis, Image Differencing Comparison, and Post-Classification Comparison, we present and discuss preliminary results, and try to identify future research directions for developing an appropriate approach for GHSL result images. The case studies were carried on Alger and Dublin city areas.; JRC.G.2-Global security and crisis management

‣ Validation of the JRC Tsunami Propagation and Inundation Codes

ZAMORA Natalia; FRANCHELLO GIOVANNI; ANNUNZIATO Alessandro
Fonte: TSUNAMI SOCIETY Publicador: TSUNAMI SOCIETY
Tipo: Articles in periodicals and books Formato: Online
Português
In the last years several numerical codes have been developed to analyse tsunami waves. Most of these codes use a finite difference numerical approach giving good results for tsunami wave propagation, but with limitations in modelling inundation processes. The HyFlux2 model has been developed to simulate inundation scenario due to dam break, flash flood and tsunami-wave run-up. The model solves the conservative form of the two-dimensional shallow water equations using a finite volume method. The implementation of a shoreline-tracking method provides reliable results. HyFlux2 robustness has been tested using several tsunami events. The main aim of this study is code validation by means of comparing different code results with available measurements. Another objective of the study is to evaluate how the different fault models could generate different results that should be considered for coastal planning. Several simulations have been performed to compare HyFlux2 code with SWAN-JRC code and the TUNAMI-N2. HyFlux2 has been validated taking advantage of the extensive seismic, geodetic measurements and post-tsunami field surveys performed after the Nias March 28th tsunami. Although more detailed shallow bathymetry is needed to assess the inundation...

‣ Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF): Landing Obligation - Part 6 (Fisheries targeting demersal species in the Mediterranean Sea) (STECF-15-19)

Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
Português
This report presents the responses of the Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries to requests from the European Commission for advice on the implementation of the EU Common Fisheries Policy. Advice is given in relation to the following: Landing Obligation (Fisheries targeting demersal species in the Mediterranean Sea).; JRC.G.3-Maritime affairs

‣ Some notes on elasto-plasticity models in Europlexus ancestor codes

CASADEI FOLCO; VALSAMOS GEORGIOS; LARCHER MARTIN
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
Português
These notes are based upon the report by Francois Frey: Le Calcul Elasto-plastique des Structures par le Methode des Elements Finis et son Application a l’Etat Plan de Contrainte. Rapport N. 33, LMMSC, Universite de Liege. July 1973.; JRC.G.4-European laboratory for structural assessment

‣ P491-BioMod Deliverable 4913 Management Strategy Evaluation Error Model

SCOTT FINLAY; GAMITO JARDIM JOSÉ ERNESTO; MOSQUEIRA SANCHEZ IAGO
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
Português
In terms of analysing and simulating fisheries management systems, implementation error can be considered to be the difference between management decisions (for example, the TAC or effort limits set for the following year) and what the fishing fleets actually do (for example, the actual catch taken or fishing effort applied that year). It is thought that implementation error can have a strong impact on the potential success of a management plan, but the precise level of impact and the effect of implementation error combined with other sources of uncertainty requires further study. This document describes the application of a simple Management Strategy Evaluation simulation to investigate the potential impacts of management plan implementation error on the sustainability of a stock. The simulation is based on the cod stock in the Eastern English Channel and Southern Celtic Seas. The results are illustrative only and are not meant to provide advice for the stock. It was found that including implementation error in the projections (i.e. the realised catch being greater than the desired TAC) not only led to the stock being more exploited (lower SSB, higher fishing mortality) but also increased the uncertainty in the stock status. This will be of particular interest when a risk-based approach to fisheries management is being considered. The implementation of a management plan is strongly in influenced by a range of economic factors that drive the dynamics of the fishing fleet. The simulations here do not make a full economic analysis and focus on the sustainabilty of the stock rather than the economic viability of the fishing fleet. Future work will include more economic modelling to improve the implementation error model. Note that this report was not prepared using MS Word. It was prepared using Latex / KnitR and R. This allows the computer code that was used to generate the results to be embedded in the report and executed during the report compilation...

‣ P491-BioMod Deliverable 4912 Linkage of Economic and Fisheries Indicators

SCOTT FINLAY; GAMITO JARDIM JOSÉ ERNESTO; MOSQUEIRA SANCHEZ IAGO; DENTES DE CARVALHO GASPAR NATACHA; ALMENDRA CASTRO RIBEIRO CRISTINA
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
Português
Developing and parameterising fisheries bioeconomic models is seen as playing an important role in the evaluation of proposed fisheries management strategies. One of the key challenges in doing this has been the different aggregation levels of the biological and economic data. For example, economic data (costs, prices etc) is aggregated at the supra-region level as a function of fleet components, whereas biological data is collected at the smaller regional level. Management plan evaluations are required at the regional level which means methods must be developed to scale and merge the economic and biological data at this level. Here we present a method based on the use of transversal variables (such as effort). By calculating a ‘unit cost per effort’ at the supraregion level, we are able to estimate costs at the regional level. This is made more difficult by the aggregation of fishing metiers and gears in the economic data, which have their own cost structure. Linear modelling techniques are used to help overcome to this issue. This report presents these methods using the North Sea fisheries as a case study. Note that this report was not prepared using MS Word. It was prepared using Latex / KnitR and R. This allows the computer code that was used to generate the results to be embedded in the report and executed during the report compilation...

‣ From gamma emissions to (n,xn) cross sections of interest: the role of GAINS and GRAPhEME in nuclear reaction modeling

KERVENO M.; BACQUIAS A.; BORCEA C; DESSAGNE P.; HENNING G.; MIHAILESCU L. C.; NEGRET A.; NYMAN MARKUS; OLACEL A.; PLOMPEN Arjan; ROUKI CHARIKLIA; Rudolf G; THIRY J.-C.
Fonte: SPRINGER Publicador: SPRINGER
Tipo: Articles in periodicals and books Formato: Online
Português
During the last 10 years, in the general context of nuclear energy applications and future reactors development, our collaboration has performed measurements of (n,xnγ) cross sections to study (n,xn) reactions. Large sets of new and accurate experimental data have been produced on a variety of nuclei from 7Li to 238U. Comparisons with nuclear reaction code calculations have shown that the predictions of these exclusive cross sections are a real challenge for the theoretical codes. Indeed many processes are involved (evaporation, fission if fissionable nucleus, direct and pre equilibrium reactions, ...) which should be simultaneously well described by the models that using nuclear structure description for optical potential, level densities, decay scheme, etc. In this article, we review what we have learned since the last P(ND)2 workshop held in 2005 [1] and highlight how we can further progress in this field in order to provide new, complete, accurate and relevant experimental data.; JRC.D.4-Standards for Nuclear Safety, Security and Safeguards

‣ Status of evaluated data files for 238U in the resonance region

KOPECKY Stefan; SIRAKOV I.; KIM D. H.; TRKOV Andrej; ARCHIER P.; BECKER BJÖRN; CABELLOS O.; DE SAINT JEAN C.; HEYSE JAN; KIM H. I.; LEAL L.; LEE Y. O.; NOGUERE G.; PARADELA DOBARRO CARLOS; PRONYAEV V. G; SCHILLEBEECKX Peter; ZEROVNIK GASPER
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Printed
Português
Experimental data and evaluated data libraries related to neutron induced reaction cross sections for 238U in the resonance region are reviewed. Based on this review a set of test files is produced to study systematic effects such as the impact of the upper boundary of the resolved resonance region (RRR) and the representation of the infinite diluted capture and in-elastic cross section in the unresolved resonance region (URR). A set of Benchmark experiments was selected and used to verify the test files. Based on these studies recommendations to perform a new evaluation have been defined. This report has been prepared in support to the CIELO (Collaborative International Evaluated Library Organisation) project. The objective of this project is the creation of a world-wide recognised nuclear data file with a focus on six nuclides, i.e. 1H, 16O, 56Fe, 235U, 238U and 239Pu. Within the CIELO project, the Joint Research Centre (JRC) at Geel (B) is in charge of the production of an evaluated cross section data file for neutron induced reaction of 238U in the resonance region.; JRC.D.4-Standards for Nuclear Safety, Security and Safeguards

‣ NRD Demonstration Experiments at GELINA

PARADELA DOBARRO CARLOS; ALAERTS Gery; BECKER BJÖRN; HARADA H.; HEYSE JAN; KITATANI F.; KOIZUMI M.; KOPECKY Stefan; MONDELAERS Willy; MOENS Andre; SCHILLEBEECKX Peter; TSUCHIYA H.; WYNANTS Ruud
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Printed
Português
Neutron Resonance Densitometry (NRD), a non-destructive analysis method, was presented. The method has been developed to quantify special nuclear material (SNM) in debris of melted fuel that will be produced during the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plants. The method is based on Neutron Resonance Transmission Analysis (NRTA) and Neutron Resonance Capture Analysis combined with Prompt Gamma–ray analysis (NRCA/PGA). The quantification of SNM relies on the NRTA results. The basic principles of NRD, which are based on well-established methodologies for neutron resonance spectroscopy, have been explained. To develop NRD for the characterization of rock- and particle like heterogeneous samples a JAEA/JRC collaboration has been established. As part of this collaboration a NRD demonstration workshop was organized at the time-of-flight facility GELINA of the JRC-IRMM in Geel (B). The potential of NRD was demonstrated by measurements on a complex mixture of different elements. It was demonstrated that the elemental composition of an unknown sample predicted by NRTA deviated on average by less than 2% from the declared value. In addition the potential to identify the presence of light elements by NRCA/PGA was shown.; JRC.D.4-Standards for Nuclear Safety...

‣ 134Cs and 137Cs in the North Pacific Ocean derived from the March 2011 TEPCO Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, Japan. Part One - Surface pathway and vertical distributions

AOYAMA M.; HAMAJIMA Y.; HULT Mikael; UEMATSU M.; OKA E.; TSUMUNE D.; KUMAMOTO Y.
Fonte: SPRINGER Publicador: SPRINGER
Tipo: Articles in periodicals and books Formato: Online
Português
We collected 2 - 10 litre surface seawater samples at more than 300 stations in the North Pacific Ocean and two coastal stations at Tomioka in Fukushima Prefecture and Hasaki in Ibaraki Prefecture. In addition to our own data, we compiled already published data including monitoring data by TEPCO. After July 2012, the activities of 137Cs in surface water at near FNPP1 site were still kept around 1000 Bq m-3 which corresponds about 10 GBq day-1. A zonal speed of FNPP1 derived radiocaesium in surface water at mid latitude in the North Pacific Ocean was 7 km day-1, 8 cm s-1 until March 2012 , however it after March 2012 till August 2014 was ca. 3 km day-1, 3.5 cm s-1. In June 2012 at 29 deg. N, 165 deg. E, clear increase of 134Cs due to STMW formation was observed and maximum 134Cs activity at 151 meters depth, 25.3 sigma theta, was 6.12 +- 0.50 Bq m-3. This increase might be southward transport of Fukushima derived radiocaesium due to STMW formation which was also observed along 149 deg. E. In June 2012 at two stations at 34 deg. N and 39 deg. N along 165 deg. E, 134Cs activity showed maximums at a density around 26.3 which corresponds CMW. 134Cs activity in CMW was highest among the 134Cs activity of surrounding waters including STMW. These observations indicate that CMW formation was most effective pathway to introduce Fukushima derived radiocaesium into ocean interior about one year time scale.; JRC.D.4-Standards for Nuclear Safety...

‣ Characterization of 226Ra activity in low-level slag reference standards

CARO MARROYO B.; TZIKA FAIDRA; HULT Mikael; LUTTER GUILLAUME; MEJUTO MENDIETA M.; CRESPO M. T.
Fonte: SPRINGER Publicador: SPRINGER
Tipo: Articles in periodicals and books Formato: Online
Português
Within the EURAMET European Metrology Research Programme project IND04 named MetroMetal, several different reference standards have been developed for the metallurgical industry. This paper describes the characterisation of low-levels of 226Ra in samples of slag. The activity was determined through spiking with a known amount of solution containing 226Ra to a previously characterised slag material. The measurements were performed at both 225 m underground and aboveground. The total (spiked + natural) massic activity of 226Ra obtained from the gamma-ray spectrometry measurements was (126.3 ± 5.6) Bq/kg. A comparison of the different measurements and studies of the distribution of radon-daughters in the samples is presented.; JRC.D.4-Standards for Nuclear Safety, Security and Safeguards

‣ Environmental sustainability assessment of bioeconomy value chains

CRISTOBAL GARCIA JORGE; TORRES DE MATOS CRISTINA; AURAMBOUT JEAN PHILIPPE; MANFREDI SIMONE; KAVALOV Boyan
Fonte: ETA-Florence Renewable Energies Publicador: ETA-Florence Renewable Energies
Tipo: Articles in periodicals and books Formato: Online
Português
Bioeconomy has gained political momentum since 2012 when the European Commission adopted the strategy “Innovating for Sustainable Growth: A Bioeconomy for Europe”. Assessing the environmental performance of different bioeconomy value chains (divided in three pillars: food and feed, bio-based products and bioenergy) is key to facilitate solid and evidence-based policy making. The objectives of this work are: (1) to map and analyse existing and accessible LCA data related to bioeconomy value chains in order to identify knowledge gaps; (2) provide a more robust and complete picture of the environmental performance of three bioeconomy value chains (i.e. one per each bioeconomy pillar). This analysis reveals that apart from few products (such as liquid biofuels, some biopolymers and food crops) the environmental assessment of bioeconomy value chains is still incipient and limited to few indicators (e.g. Global Warming Potential and energy efficiency). In this study, a harmonised procedure – the Product Environmental Footprint (PEF) methodology, which includes 14 impact categories – is used to estimate the environmental performance of tomato (food and feed), bioalcohols (bioenergy) and polyhydroxyalkanoates (bio-based product). Normalisation of the estimated impact scores is also preformed to evaluate the relative contributions of each value chain to the overall impacts from EU domestic emissions.; JRC.H.8-Sustainability Assessment

‣ Area Sampling frames for Agricultural and Environmental Statistics: Short guidelines for developing countries

GALLEGO PINILLA Francisco
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
Português
Agricultural statistics in many developing countries are based on expert opinions (subjective reports) for small administrative units, often Enumeration Areas (EA) of agricultural or popularion censuses. Other countries use list-frame surveys built on censuses or administrative registers. List frames are efficient if they are updated and quality-checked with a sufficient frequency. This is very difficult to achieve in developing countries, where the population of farms or agricultural households is generally very dynamic. If list frames are not sufficiently updated or have completeness problems, area frames provide a very useful alternative. The completeness of the frame can be guaranteed by just specifying the geographic boundaries of the country; JRC.H.4-Monitoring Agricultural Resources

‣ Life Cycle Assessment of Solar Technologies

ARDENTE FULVIO; CELLURA Maurizio; LONGO Sonia; MISTRETTA Marina
Fonte: Wiley Publicador: Wiley
Tipo: Articles in periodicals and books Formato: Printed
Português
The chapter presents an analysis of solar technologies (solar thermal, photovoltaic (PV) and solar cooling plants) based on a review of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) studies published in scientific journals. This analysis demonstrates the better environmental performance of solar technologies in comparison to fossil fuel based technologies for the production of heat or electricity. Solar technologies have also good performances compared to other renewable technologies (although the impacts per kWh of electricity from PV are generally higher than those of wind farms and hydro power plants). The analysis also shows that the energy and environmental payback times of solar plants are generally very low (on average, 1 year for solar thermal plants, and about 2 - 3 years for PV plants). Finally, the chapter discusses the large variability of results from reviewed studies due to different assumptions of authors and several sources of uncertainties.; JRC.H.8-Sustainability Assessment

‣ Feasibility study on dietary recommendations for older adults in the European Union

MAK TSZ NING; MUSSIO FLAMINIA; LOURO CALDEIRA SANDRA
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
Português
Despite mounting scientific evidence to support healthy and balanced diet in promoting active and healthy ageing, targeted, age-specific, and up-to-date dietary recommendations for older adults in Europe are not easy to find. On the 23-24 October 2014, the JRC organised an expert workshop "Feasibility study on dietary recommendations for older adults in the European Union" to discuss the need for dietary recommendations targeting older adults in Europe, and to identify strategies to promote better diet to prevent malnutrition in the older population. Twenty four experts from multiple disciplines related to nutrition and ageing from various European countries participated in the one and half day workshop. The overall consensus was that older adults, who are healthy may not need additional specific dietary recommendations as the current general adult population recommendations are likely to be sufficient, although some argued that even in healthy older adults, attention should still be paid to vitamin D and protein intakes. Participants identified and developed points for action for three main strategies/ working areas to promote better diet and reduce malnutrition in older adults. The strategies were 1) to develop targeted dietary guidelines for specific groups of older adults...

‣ Global Value Chains and Smart Specialisation Strategy: Thematic work on the understanding of global value chains and their analysis within the context of smart specialisation

BRENNAN Louis; RAKHMATULLIN RUSLAN
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
Português
Using the case of the Irish pharmaceutical sector, this paper considers Global Value Chains and Smart Specialisation Strategy (S3). The paper elaborates the foundations and functioning of global value chains, the importance of their analysis within the S3 context, in line with the existing RIS3 framework. A methodological approach to analysing a country’s position in GVCs in terms of activities, flows and relationships is presented. The approach is illustrated with its application to the Irish pharmaceutical sector. Based on the insights from the analysis of that sector, the paper suggests recommendations as to how countries and regions would be able to develop necessary strengths in those aspects that the country under review lacks and which would need to be developed if the country is to fill those gaps.; JRC.J.2-Knowledge for Growth

‣ Characteristics of farming systems in Albania

GURI FATMIR; KAPAJ Ilir; MUSABELLIU Bahri; MEÇO Maksim; TOPULLI Eneida; REMZI Keco; HODAJ Natasha; DOMI Shpresim; MEHMETI Gentjan; GOMEZ Y PALOMA Sergio
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
Português
This report is based on information collected from a face-to-face survey of more than 1 000 farmers from three regions of Albania (namely Berat, Elbasan and Lezhë To identify a representative sample of Albanian farming systems, a three-step sample design was used. A group of 11 variables dealing with the socio-economic characteristics of farms was selected to build up the farming system typology. Two typologies are used: one for the whole sample (three regions) and a second one for each region. The differences between the two typologies are considered to be a proxy indicator of different characteristics of farming systems in each region. The farm types identified are (1) poly-culture, mainly for the market; (2) leisure farms; (3) arable crops; (4) fruit trees; (5) self-sufficient; and (6) livestock. The farm typology is slightly different for the regions of Berat and Lezhë. The farm types’ strategies are constructed according to the land, infrastructure facilities and the investment availability of farms. Non-agricultural incomes (remittances, income from the construction, trade, pensions, etc.) appear to provide an important economic support for the farm household. Farming structures in rural areas are characterised by the use of more labour and lower inputs. The farm types that tend to specialise in one activity are not always those that make the best use of labour and land. Farming does not provide enough income to repay the work put in at the official minimum wage level. Non-agricultural work is better paid. Albanian farms provide at least a minimal income that is enough to keep the household members above the threshold of extreme poverty. The farm types that base their incomes on agricultural activities are poorer than those that base their income on non-agricultural activities. Income structures and the low incomes generated by work in agriculture suggests that rural migration towards urban areas and abroad is a phenomenon that will persist into the future.; JRC.J.4-Agriculture and Life Sciences in the Economy

‣ ERA Fabric Map: Third Edition The ERA and its instruments in the global landscape. A look at the present and at the future.

MARINELLI ELISABETTA; BUESEL Katharina; DEGELSEGGER Alexander; ZENKER Andrea; DAIMER Stephanie; DOUSSINEAU MATHIEU; HAEGEMAN Karel
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
Português
The concept of the European Research Area, as originally defined, promoted increased co-ordination and cooperation among national research policies and programmes. Later on it was complemented by another ambitious objective, that of realising the fifth "freedom of movement" within Europe. Both objectives require the construction and implementation of effective instruments. This third edition of the ERA Fabric Map reflects on instruments in two steps. It first analyses the current main policy programmes and instruments and their historical development thus delving into the mechanisms that actually shape the research and innovation scene in Europe. It then adopts a prospective point of view and analyses the four scenarios developed by the VERA consortium from an instrument perspective. It highlights the policy programmes and instruments that need to be in place to sustain them, and compares them to those currently in place in Europe and the rest of the world. This third version of the ERA Fabric Map complements the first two editions by adding an instrument perspective and a forward-looking dimension.; JRC.J.2-Knowledge for Growth

‣ Venture Capital Principles in the European ICT Ecosystem: How can they help ICT innovation?

GABISON Garry
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
Português
This report looks at venture capital (VC) funds, their characteristics, and functioning. It specifically focuses on the relationship between VCs and innovation, investigating whether VC funds encourage innovative companies to innovate or whether they successfully predict which companies will innovate more. The report also focuses on the selection process at micro-level. VC funds invest in young and innovative companies and decide where to invest based on imperfect information and signals. The ICT industry has a number of young innovative companies. VC funds have unsurprisingly concentrated their efforts into the ICT industry. In 2013, about 25% of invested funds went into ICT companies even though ICT companies represent less than 6% of all companies. The report then steps back to look at the macro-level. Once they have invested, VC funds use stage financing, monitoring, and exit incentives to re-align their incentives with those of the company receiving the funds. Since they rely on monitoring, VC funds usually prefer to invest in local companies that they can visit regularly. This issue of local investment is seen as a hindrance and EU policymakers have tried to remedy to this issue: the EU has passed a regulation to facilitate the cross-border funding; and the EU has partly funded the European Investment Fund to further encourage investment and cross-border investment.; JRC.J.3-Information Society

‣ EU R&D funding for Low Carbon Energy Technologies: Analysis of the distribution of 2007-2013 commitments

LEPSA BIANCA-NICOLE
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
Português
Low-carbon energy technology RD&D commitments, a Europe-wide assessment. The annual State of the Energy Union report offers the chance to assess progress towards the Energy Union targets and objectives. One of its five dimensions is the new research, innovation and competitiveness approach that should accelerate the overall energy system transformation. At the very heart of this dimension's measurement is the Integrated Strategic Energy Technology (SET) Plan and its Information System (SETIS). Through its capacities mapping, SETIS aims at providing an assessment of the public R&D investment in low-carbon energy technologies. Analysing EU commitments in low-carbon energy technologies is an additional benchmark that will serve the policymakers as the basis for planning the future EU investments needed to address the technologies challenges; JRC.F.6-Energy Technology Policy Outlook